Macon County, Alabama

Macon County is a county located in east-central Alabama. Macon County was established on December 18, 1832. The county was named is in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a member of the United States Senate from North Carolina. Macon County was developed for cotton plantation agriculture in the nineteenth century, and it falls within the Black Belt Region. Macon County adjoins Bullock, Elmore, Lee, Montgomery, Russell, and Tallapoosa Counties. Macon County’s seat and largest city is Tuskegee.

For thousands of years, Macon County was inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous people. The Native American tribes encountered by European explorers were the Creeks, descendants of the Mississippian culture. Macon County was created from land ceded by the Creek, following the United States Congress' passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The first settlers were European Americans. The native Creek were forcibly removed to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. The new white settlers brought slaves with them from eastern areas of the southern United States, or purchased them in slave markets, such as those in New Orleans. They developed Macon County for large plantations.

Mostly rural and with high rates of poverty, Macon County has a majority African American population, many of whom were descendants of slaves who worked on the cotton plantations before the Civil War. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election, Macon County had the third-highest number of voters in the state of Alabama for Democratic Senator John Kerry. Macon County was also the setting of the 1974 movie, Macon County Line.

Macon County is home to the famous Tuskegee University, a historically black college. Macon County is also the home of the word renowned Tuskegee Airmen, the training site of which is still known as Moton field. Also, Macon County prides itself as being home to Tuskegee National Forest, Tuskegee Lake, the Tuskegee Human and Civil Rights Museum. Macon County is also home to Victoryland Greyhound Park. Macon County was also the home of renowned scientist, George Washington Carver.

The population of Macon County, as reported in the 2010 census, was approximately 21,542. Based on the census, the racial composition was 82.6 percent black or African American, 15.5 percent white, 1.1 percent Hispanic, 1.1 percent as two or more races, 0.4 percent Asian, and 0.1 percent Native American.

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